We think many false facts that are picked up or derived from Internet are correct in breast health and cancer. Those false facts are usually misleading us about the breast health that is vitally important. Therefore, Breast Health Center of Hisar Hospital informs about breast health.
Incorrect: There is no cancer if there is no lump.
Correct: Cancer may develop without a lump that can be palpated or felt by the hand. Therefore, mammography plays a very important role in the early diagnosis of cancer.
Incorrect: If there is no family history of breast cancer, the risk of cancer is absent.
Correct: Family history is not notable in 80% of the women with breast cancer. This means being a woman is an essential risk factor for the breast cancer.
Incorrect: Breast cancer does not develop in young women.
Correct: Although breast cancer is more prevalent in women older than 50, it can also develop in young women.
Incorrect: Breast cancer is not observed in men.
Correct: Although the gender difference is one man for 100 women, breast cancer can also be diagnosed in men.
Incorrect: Mammography is a very painful procedure and it may harm the breast.
Correct: You may feel discomfort in a mammography, as the breast is compressed. However, the procedure does not harm the breast and the pain is usually not severe and it takes a very short time. Mammography is scanned after menstrual cycle, as breasts are not or are less sensitive in this period.
Incorrect: A surgery should be carried out under general anesthesia to determine whether the lump located in the breast is a cancer or not.
Correct: Most breast cancers can be diagnosed with needle biopsy under local anesthesia without need to surgical intervention. First, a needle biopsy specimen is collected for the diagnosis.
Incorrect: Pregnancy and breastfeeding prevent the development of breast cancer.
Correct: Pregnancy and breastfeeding do not prevent the development of breast cancer, but they decrease the risk.
Incorrect: Each lump in the breast is a cancer.
Correct: The lump in a breast does not always point to a cancer; there are benign tumors of breasts. However, it is necessary to visit a doctor immediately, when a lump is recognized in the breast.
Incorrect: Women should avoid pregnancy while the treatment of breast cancer continues.
Correct: Women may get pregnant, if the treatment of breast cancer is completed or there is no risk of relapse.
Incorrect: I examine my breast and I cannot palpate a lump. Then, it is not necessary to visit a doctor.
Correct: Some lumps cannot be recognized with manual examination (palpation). Therefore, you should regularly visit your doctor based on your age.
Incorrect: I see discharge from my nipple, it can be a cancer.
Correct: Bloody discharge from the nipple leads to suspicion and it should necessarily be examined.
Incorrect: Mammography causes cancer.
Correct: Mammography uses very low dose of radiation and therefore, it does not pose a risk of cancer.
Incorrect: Having a mammogram at younger ages is contraindicated.
Correct: Having a mammogram causes no harm. However, quality of images will be low below the age of 35 years, as the breast tissue is more dense.
Incorrect: Biopsy procedure leads to cancerous transformation of the lump.
Correct: Biopsy procedure is the safest means to understand whether the lump is cancerous or not. Biopsy procedure does not change the nature of the lump.
Incorrect: The breast is completely removed in breast cancer surgeries.
Correct: Type of surgery is determined depending on the stage of the disease, type of cancer and patient characteristics. Recently, breast conserving operations are preferred as much as possible.
Incorrect: If the breast is completely removed in breast cancer surgeries, the cancer does not relapse.
Correct: The risk of relapse is very low, if the breast cancer is diagnosed at early stage. There is always risk of relapse or occurrence at another location.
Incorrect: Stress causes cancer.
Correct: Stress is an important factor in cancer. However, stress alone does not provoke development of cancer.